Hedge funds are normally only available to eligible investors, but not exclusively-institutions. Investors with managerial ties or even managers themselves also invest.
Fremont, CA: The hedge fund is essentially an investment pool contributed by partners and managed by a skilled manager with clear objectives in mind to maximize returns as well as reduce risk. And because of their existence, hedge funds are normally only available to eligible investors, but not exclusively-institutions, investors with managerial ties or even managers themselves also invest.
The basic framework of a hedge fund is an investment or partnership pool where the fund manager invests in various securities and shares that fit the objectives of the fund. Hedge fund managers are preaching a plan to clients, and those who buy in want the manager to stick to that strategy. This strategy can include a hedge fund that is strictly long or short on all of its stocks or a hedge fund that specializes in a certain form of investment that may range from common stock to patents.
One of the main distinguishers regarding hedge funds, however, is that they are almost always open only to "accredited investors"-or investors with a certain amount of money.
In order to be considered a "accredited investor," one must be eligible for one of the following: to have an annual taxable income of $200,000 or more for themselves alone, you must have a personal net income of more than $1 million, one must have a higher stake in the hedge fund, or one must have an employee benefits package or a trust fund worth at least $5 million.